How To Start a Kirana Store In India:9 Successful Steps for your profitable Kirana Business Venture

A Kirana store, also known as a neighbourhood grocery store, is a small-scale retail shop that caters to the everyday needs of consumers. These stores offer convenience and personalised service, making them an integral part of Indian households. The advantages of a Kirana store are manifold. 

Grocery stores are easily accessible, usually within walking distance of residential areas. In this way, you can save time and effort for customers. 

Kirana stores offer various products, including essential groceries, household items, personal care products, and sometimes even fresh produce. This comprehensive product range allows customers to fulfil their shopping needs conveniently in one place. 

Kirana shop owners often build personal relationships with their customers. They understand their preferences, offer recommendations, and provide a personalised shopping experience. This customised touch fosters customer loyalty and repeat business.

Types of Kirana store: Retail & Wholesale Kirana Store

Types of Kirana store

Kirana shops can be broadly categorized into two types, Retail Kirana Stores and Wholesale Kirana stores. 

  • Retail Kirana stores are commonly found in our local vicinity or nearby our residential. Basically, they serve local communities with a diverse range of daily needed products for households. 

These stores cater to individual customers and offer retail quantities of household products (I.e. Rice, Ata, Sugar, Edible Oil, beauty and dairy products etc). 

Retail Kirana stores are ideal for aspiring entrepreneurs who wish to serve the immediate neighbourhood and build strong customer relationships and thrive the opportunity to earn a good amount of money. 

  • On the other hand, wholesale Kirana stores primarily cater to retailers, such as small grocery store owners and other businesses. 

They operate on a bulk buying and selling model, providing goods at lower prices to the local Kirana Stores, which operate in the local market. 

Wholesale Kirana stores require a larger investment and are suitable for those looking to supply goods to other retailers. It can be a form of a distributor or a super stockist kind of model.

What should be the Kirana store business plan:

graph TB A[Start by defining your shop location] B[Determine your product range] C[Create a marketing plan] D[Outline your financial projections] A -->|Step 1| B B -->|Step 2| C C -->|Step 3| D

Before diving into starting a Kirana store, it is crucial to create a comprehensive business plan. A well-designed business plan acts as a roadmap for success and helps you make informed decisions. 

  • Start by defining your shop location: Consider the demographics, income levels, and shopping preferences of the local community you wish to serve. Analyze the competition in the area and identify ways to differentiate your store. 
  • Determine your product range: based on customer needs and preferences, taking into account essential groceries, household items, personal care products, and other popular items. Develop pricing strategies that are competitive yet profitable. 
  • Create a marketing plan: To promote your Kirana Store through local advertising by doing hand-to-hand leaflet distribution, and social media connect with the local mass and community partnerships. 
  • Outline your financial projections: It includes shop establishment costs, expected sales, and operational expenses, i.e. salaries, electricity and stock maintenance. 

This business plan will serve as a guide throughout your journey and can help secure financing if required.

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How much does it cost to open a Kirana store in India:

Kirana Store cost

The cost of opening a Kirana store in India varies depending on various factors such as location, store size, infrastructure, inventory, licensing, and branding. On average, you can expect to invest anywhere between INR 50 Thousand to INR 5 lakhs to start with.

  • Store Setup: This includes the cost of renting or buying a space for your Kirana store. The location plays a crucial role in determining rental prices or property costs. You need to consider footfall, accessibility, and the available competition when selecting a location.
  • Infrastructure: Setting up the store interior requires investment in fixtures, shelving, refrigeration units, billing systems, and security measures. Focus on creating an organized and customer-friendly layout.
  • Inventory: The cost of initial inventory will depend on the size and variety of products you plan to offer. Purchase essential groceries, household items, personal care products, and other popular items to meet the demands of your target market. Kirana business, you can get a small credit line from the wholesaler that makes you more liberty in your initial days.
  • Licenses and Permits: Acquiring the necessary licenses and permits from local authorities is mandatory. These may include a Shop and Establishment License, Goods and Services Tax (GST) registration, and any specific permits required by your state or municipality. This licensing cost is not much for a Kirana shop.
  • Promotional Plan: Allocating funds for branding materials like store signage, logos, packaging, and marketing efforts is essential. Consider local advertising like leaflet distribution in your catchment areas, and online promotions to create awareness and attract local customers.

Costs can vary based on the city or town where you plan to start your Kirana store. It's advisable to research your local market conditions, consult with experienced store owners to understand the customer's need and create a detailed budget plan to ensure a smooth setup process.

Where can I get supplies for my online Kirana store:

Getting suppliers for your Kirana Store is not getting a very complicated part. Company distributors and wholesalers are looking for shop expansion for their product line. Sales representatives will approach the shop owner to keep their product available at your store. 

  • Wholesale Markets: Visit local wholesale markets in your city and search for your product range as per demand. Tie up with them for a longer period and this make help you to build a credit line with them. These markets offer a wide range of products at wholesale prices. Connect with wholesalers, negotiate favourable terms, and establish a reliable supply chain.
  • Local Distributors: Connect with local distributors and their representatives who work directly with manufacturers and suppliers. They can provide you with a regular supply of products and help you access a diverse range of brands.
  • Manufacturers: Contact manufacturers directly to explore opportunities for direct sourcing. This can help you cut down on middleman costs and secure competitive prices.
  • Online B2B Platforms: Explore online platforms specifically designed for business-to-business transactions. Websites like IndiaMART, TradeIndia, and Udaan connect sellers and buyers, making it convenient to source supplies online.

You need to build a good relationship with trusted suppliers, it can help your supply chain steady. Regularly check the quality of your products, pricing and availability, which helps your competitive approach intact and in this way, you can meet your customer's needs.

Is it a good idea to open a Kirana shop in a village:

graph TB A[Market Potential] B[Competitor Analysis] C[Product Mix] D[Infrastructure] E[Community Engagement] A -->|Step 1| B B -->|Step 2| C C -->|Step 3| D D -->|Step 3| E

Opening a Kirana shop in a village can be a good venture due to the limited availability of organized retail chains. Villages often lack access to modern supermarkets, making Kirana stores an essential part of the local ecosystem. However, it is essential to conduct thorough market research and understand the dynamics of the village where you plan to establish your store. Consider the following aspects. 

  • Market Potential: Assess the population size of that particular village, their income levels, and the shopping patterns of the village. Evaluate the demand for groceries, household items, and other products you plan to offer.
  • Competitor Analysis: Study existing Kirana stores and other retail formats in the area. Identify gaps in product offerings and customer service that you can fulfil.
  • Product Mix: Tailor your product range to suit the unique preferences and needs of the rural population. Consider local staples, traditional products, and regional specialities to cater to their requirements effectively.
  • Infrastructure: Ensure the availability of necessary infrastructure such as electricity, water supply, and transportation. These factors play a vital role in the smooth functioning of your store.
  • Community Engagement: Building trust and relationships with the local community is crucial. Participate in village events, support local initiatives, and listen to the feedback and needs of your customers.

Opening a Kirana shop in a village can provide you with the opportunity to serve a close-knit community, establish strong bonds with customers, and contribute to rural development. With the right approach and understanding of local needs, it can indeed be a good idea.

How to set up an online Kirana Store:

Online Kirana Store

Setting up an online Kirana store requires careful planning and execution. providing excellent customer service is key to success in the online space. Offer multiple communication channels for customer queries and feedback, and promptly address any concerns. 

Regularly analyze website or mobile performance, customer behaviour, and sales data to optimize your online Kirana store for better conversions and customer satisfaction.

  • Choose an E-commerce Platform: Select a suitable e-commerce platform or build a customized website or mobile app for your online Kirana store. Consider factors such as ease of use, customization options, and payment gateway integrations.
  • Organize Your Inventory: Section-wise categorization makes it easy for customers to navigate and find their much-needed products. Product descriptions with images, and pricing helps to facilitate the potential buyers to take decisions.
  • Secure Payment Gateways: Integrate secure payment gateways in your website or mobile app that support various payment methods, including credit cards, debit cards, net banking, and mobile wallets. Prioritize your customer data security which helps you to build trust.
  • Establish Logistics and Delivery Mechanisms: Build your delivery and logistic mechanism in such a way that your customer can get their grocery or any other product on time without getting damaged. You can also tie up with local delivery service providers if your business turnover allows you. Else your own delivery fleet (Size as per the requirement) can be another option if it is feasible according to you.

How much does an average Kirana Store owner earn in India:

The earnings of a Kirana store owner in India can vary depending on factors such as location, competition, footfall, and operational efficiency. On average, a well-managed Kirana store can generate a monthly income ranging from INR 30,000 to INR 80,000. To maximize earnings, focus on maintaining a diverse product range, offering competitive prices, providing exceptional customer service, and managing operational costs effectively.

What is the profit margin for a Kirana store in India:

The profit margin for a Kirana store typically ranges between 8% to 15%. But, this can vary based on factors such as product mix, pricing strategy, supplier agreements, and operational costs. For large-scale format can enjoy a profit margin between 25%-30 in some of the selected products.

How to improve my Kirana shop business:

Any Kirana shop depends on your customer understanding, adapting to continuously changing market dynamics, and continuously improving your offerings and operations. But a strong relationship with your customers, the quality of your products, available product range, price and service helps you to improve your business in the long run. 


Starting a Kirana store requires careful planning, an understanding of local preferences, and effective execution. With the right business plan, supplier partnerships, and a customer-centric approach, you can establish a successful Kirana store and tap into the immense potential of this traditional grocery format.


How to start a Kirana online store?

To start a Kirana online store, choose an e-commerce platform, organize inventory, optimize for mobile, secure payment gateways, and establish delivery mechanisms.

What are the benefits of Kirana stores?

Kirana stores offer convenience, a wide product range, personalised service, and strong customer relationships, making them an integral part of communities.

Is the Kirana store profitable?

Yes, Kirana stores can be profitable. Factors like location, competition, operational efficiency, and customer satisfaction impact profitability.

What is the minimum investment for a Kirana shop?

The minimum investment for a Kirana shop in India can range from INR 50 Thousand to INR 5 lakhs, depending on factors such as location, store size, inventory, licenses, and branding.

What is the profit margin of the Kirana store?

The profit margin for a Kirana store typically ranges from 8% to 15%. However, this can vary based on factors like product mix, pricing strategy, supplier agreements, and operational costs.

Which license is required for online grocery stores in India?

Online grocery stores in India require licenses such as a Shop and Establishment License, Goods and Services Tax (GST) registration, and any specific permits mandated by the state or municipality.

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